Migrant deaths in Europe, US diversity visa and changing global demography

Some bits and pieces.

Migrant deaths in Europe

In Europe, many migrants die trying to reach a different place to live. In the last two decades, a total of about 20,000 people have died. This map shows most do so crossing into Italy, Malta and Spain. While deterrence is often spoken of in an Australian context of asylum seekers, other parts of the world highlight these policy issues are hardly unique. Further, deterrence will only work in certain circumstances. Some evidence suggests particular groups of migrants are willing to take massive risks live and work in other countries. This study details Senegalese migrants to Spain who are willing to accept a 25 per cent chance of death to migrate.

(Both the map and the report via Michael Clemens)

US Diversity Lotto

About 4.5 per cent of the population of Ghana applied for one of 50,000 permanent visas to the U.S. in 2012. If you break this down a little bit more, it is equal to 7 per cent of the Ghana labour market. An equivalent number of Australians is about 800,000. This boggles my mind. Can you imagine the psyche of a country where this many people want to leave? Via Caglar Ozden.

And finally, three charts from the UN Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. One to sooth the malthusians out there, one to praise the advancement of medicine and one to highlight how the world will be a very different place in 2100. (Sources: World Population report, Wonk Blog post)

Shrinking birthrates mean less people over the (very) long term.

Screen Shot 2013-11-27 at 7.09.17 PMWithin a decade, child mortality will be the same in the poorest nations as it was in the West in 1950. Some may scoff, but this is an amazing achievement which should be celebrated.

Screen Shot 2013-11-27 at 7.11.43 PMAsia –> Africa. Of course, over such a long time frame, these forecasts could be well off. But as I see on twitter far too often, “the trend is your friend”. There is an unmistakable take away from these figures.

Screen Shot 2013-11-27 at 7.14.01 PM

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